About Cherukunnu

The name Cherukunnu means Little Hill. There are about five very small hills surrounding this place. The name Cherukunnu is believed to have been derived owing to the presence of these Hills. However, as per a local Hindu mythological belief, the "Choru-Kunnu" (heap of cooked rice) which is made just before the daily "Annadhaanam” at Annapoorneswari Temple gave the place this name. Whatever the beliefs or myths, there is no doubt this elegant land will promulgate its eminence.

“A descriptive memoir of Malabar”, which is published in 1906, it is mentioned that Cherukunnu is the 32nd village of Chirakkal Taluk. In 1932 when the villages were redesigned a part of Cherukunnu has came in existence of Kannapuram village. It is very clear that the name of sub-post office, high school, PHC, is related to Cherukunnu, which are now in Kannapuram panchayath.

When British were ruled in this region, the most of the land owners was from upper-cast. Due this, the working classes were backward socially and economically.

 
About Cherukunnu-Kannapuram

Greater part of this village is surrounded by backwater. The small islands of "Ayiram Thengau" and "Mungam" are places of interest known for scenic beauty. This village shares borders with Kannapuram to the south, Madayi to the north, Mattool to the west, Ezhome and Pattuvam to the east. Annapoorneswari Temple, Mission Hospital, Oliyankara Juma Masjid & Thavan Roman Catholic Church are some of famous places in Cherukunnu.

Annapoorneswari Temple

At this Temple, Lord Krishna collocated with Sree Annapoorneswari. It is believed that Sree Annapoorneswari has visited this shrine which was under the sea. There is a mythological belief that this shrine was elevated by Lord Parashurama. A large chira (swimming pool) also can be spotted near this temple. In April every year, various religious and ritual and entertainment activities, including spectacle fireworks are showed at this Temple during the celebration of Vishu.

The temple was formally a Vishnu/Krishna Temple which dates back to 1500 years. The temple after amma's parthista (giving sacred power to the idol of Annapoorneshwari) was built by Avittam thirunal Raja Raja Varma of Chirakkal Kovilakam. As per hindu mythology it is said that Amma arrived from Kashi with two other devi's ( Kalarivathikal Amma and Madai Kavail Amma) and a boatman in a golden ship, got down at Azhi Theeram which is now known as Ayirum Thengu. Amma asked the boat man to stay back, so that he could take her back to Kashi when she wanted, due to which the boat man stayed back and built a mosque which is now famous as the Olliangera Juma Masjid. Punna Prathistha was done on 1994, Malayalam Month Kumbam, Pooyam Nakshtram, which now is observed as the parthista dinam every year. The main festivals of the Temple starts from the Malayalam month Medam Shankramam (April 15), which is celebrated for the next seven days. The other festivals that are celebrated in the temple are Shiva Rathri, Naomi, Aegadeshi etc. The temple is presently under the Malabar Devasom Board, and is maintained by the Temple Committee. The Specialty of the temple is that it is built with one single type of rock, and the Sree Kovil of both Annapoorneshwari and Krishnan is of the same size as per Vasthu, signifying that both the goddess and the god are given equal importance. The Entrance of the temple is in front of Krishnan's Sree Kovil, and the reason there is not a direct entrance to Annapoorneshwari's Sree Kovil is because during the olden days it was believed that Women from the Brahmin Family are not supposed to be seen directly (Antharjanam ). Hence there is a small window that is right in front of the Sree Kovil so that people can get the Darshan from outside. This is the only Annaporneshwari Temple in Kerala. Built using well polished stones and put together using Avil and vellam (mixture of flattened rice and jaggery) Next to the Temple ( right side ) is the Temple pond or the Ambala Kolam, which is close to 2.5 Acres in Area, Centrally located is the pole otherwise known as the stupam. The Four major entrance of the Chira is built using large layers of rock laid parallelly. The Chira also has a Kollapura (used for poojari's to bath and wash) which is located on the south west of the Chira.


Oliyankara Juma Masjid

Oliyankara Juma Masjid is a famous dargah shareef of Sufi saints/auliyas is an important Mosque of North Malabar. It is believed that the priests in ancient days gave importance to the Hindu Gods at this Mosque. The Mosque is at Pallichal. This is a location of a famous Sufi grave, visited by people of all religion.






Thavam Church

Thavam Church is a famous Roman Catholic Church of Cherukunnu-Kannapuram. This very old church proclaims the presence of Christians in Cherukunnu. This is a heritage place for North Malabar Roman Catholic Society. This church is under the diocese of Kannur. This church is located at Thavam; between Cherukunnu and Pazhayangadi. Other RC churches of Cherukunnu are at Kattakulam, Paadiyil Ferry and Kavinisseri (Christhukunnu).





Mission Hospital ( St. Martin de Porres Hospital)

Mission Hospital ( St. Martin de Porres Hospital) is a one of the old hospital of this region. Presently this hospital is equipped with all modern ultra medical facilities and can be treated as a super specialty hospital having 24 hours Casualty and Trauma Care Centre. The Leprosy Department of this hospital provides free of cost treatment to Leprosy patients. This hospital is attached with a Nursing College - "Canossian College of Nursing" runs by "Canossian Daughters of Charity" Convent Cherukunnu.

Education

The average literacy rate is more than 90%. The important schools of Cherukunnu are: Govt. Vocational Higher Secondary School, Govt. Higher Secondary School, Govt. Welfare Higher Secondary School, Govt. Board School, Othayammadam UP School, Thavam Devi Vilasam LP School, Bakkitha Canossa English Medium School. Important Colleges are: Canossa Nursing College, Co-operative Arts & Science College, Akshara College, Society College, Govt. Commercial Institute, MES College.

Major towns and roads
Major Towns are Kathirvaykkum Thara, Pallichal, Kowappuram, Vellarangeel, Punnachery, Thavam, Kavinisseri, Padiyil, Kunnangad, Ambalappuram, Othayammadam, Thekkumba, Mungam, Kattakkulam, Dalil, Poongavu, Muttil & Mundappuram. Major Roads are Convent Road, Temple Road, Ferry Road, Kayatteel Road, Madathilarayakkal Road, Ayiram Thengu Road, PM Kunhiraman Nambiar Road, Ambalappuram Punnacherry Road, Mungam Pallichal Road, Kowappuram-Kunnnangad Road, Thavam-Kowappuram Road, Pallichal-Othayammadam Road, Talipparamba Road, Pappinisseri Road, Punnakkulangara Road, Muttil Road, Ambalappuram Thekkumbadu Road.

Major Industries

Coir, Plywood, Handloom, Hand weave, Toddy, Vegetables and Milk marketing, Fishing Co-operative Banking & Banking are the major industries. Majority of the people of this village depend on the income from GCC countries as well as the varied local industries.

Important Bank Branches are State Bank of Travancore, HDFC Bank. Important Co-operative Societies Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Urban Banking Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Rural Banking Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Vegetable Marketing Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Milk Marketing Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Hand weaving society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Plywood Manufacturing Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Women's Hotel & Restaurant Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Coir Manufacturing Society, Cherukunnu-Kannapuram Co-op Toddy Manufacturing and Marketing Society, Madayai Co-op Rural Banking Society, Pazhayangadi Co-op Urban Banking Society Major Attractions are Islands of Ayiram Thengu and Mungam, Chira at Annapoorneswari Temple, Scenes – especially of river from small hills of Padiyil Kavinisseri and Kunnanangadu.



About Kannapuram

About Cherukunnu-Kannapuram

As of 2001 India census [1], Kannapuram had a population of 18,568. Males constitute 46% of the population and females 54%. Kannapuram has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 81%. In Kannapuram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

About Cherukunnu-Kannapuram
Kannapuram is the adjoining villlage of Cherukunnu. Major part of the Kannapuram Panchayat is of Cherukunnu area and major part of Kannapuram area has given to Kalliassery Panchayat. Maximum part of this village is beautiful hilly area. The Mottas (Hills) of "Thanneerpara" and "Karakkunnu" are places of interest known for beautiful natural scenes. The village shares borders with Cherukunnu to the North, Kalliasseri to the south, Mattool to the west, Morazha village of Taliparamba Municipality and Pattuvam to the east. Kannapuram is famous for Karankkavu, Christhukunnu church, K. Kannapuram Juma Masjid, Thrikkoth Cave Temple, China clay products, Sree Muchilot Bagavathi Temple.

Karankkavu
Karankkavu is the Temple where 'Karan Theyyam' ritulised ever year. This is holy shrine of North Malabar. The temple is at Edakkepuram.

christukunnu church
Christukunnu Church is a famous Latin Catholic Church. This church is of renovated Christians in North Malabar. This church is near SMDP Hospital on Thara-Keezhara Road, around 16 km from Kannur.

K.Kannapuram Juma Masjid
K.Kannapuram Juma Masjid is a famous Mosque of North Malabar. The mosque is near Kannapuram Bridge.

Thrikkoth Cave Temple
Thrikkoth Cave Temple is a very famous Temple where it is believed that Kannwa Maharshi was lived. The temple is at Chunda near Kannapuram Railway Station.

Sree Muchilot Bagavathi Temple
Sree Muchilot Bagavathi Temple Yearly Muchilot Bagavathi Kaliyattam organizing in the Edakkepuram Sree Muchilot Temple at Kannapuram. Kaliyattam celebrated on 29,30,31 December and January 1. Another Kaliyattam was to be held from February 22 to 25. Muchilot Bagavathi is one of the most popular deity worshipped in North Kerala. Anustanangalum Samoohika Prasakthiyum'describes the importance of Muchilot Bagavathi in the social formation of North Kerala. There is a practice for suppling food to thousands of devotees in connection with the Muchilot Bagavathi. Another work 'Muchilot Bagavathi' narrates the origin and establishment of Muchilot Kavu in different parts of Kannur and Kasaragod District. Highly decorative figure of Muchilot Bagavathi attracts the minds of devotees and the men of esthetic sense. In Cherukunnu and Kannapuram yearly Muchilot Bagavathi Theyyam performed.

Chinaclay products
Kannapuram is famous for rich deposit of chinaclay. Many factories are established in this village, which manufacture varieties of products made out of chinaclay. The major factories are at Chunda and Mottammal

Education

Kannapuram has an excellent academic record. It has an average literacy rate of more than 90%. The Schools in this area always score excellent position in state level examinations including scholarship exams. The important schools of Cherukunnu are Govt. Vocational Higher Secondary School, Govt. Higher Secondary School, Edakkepuram UP School, Edakkepuram LP School, Keezhara UP School, Kannapuram East UP School Mottammal etc. Kannapuram plays a vital role in nourishing the arts and culture of Kannur District as a whole. The students of this area always win many first place prizes and achieve A grades in State Youth Festivals.

Major Towns are China clay Town, Kannapuram Rly Town, Edakkepuram, Mottammal, Chunda, Keezhara, Punchavayal.

Major Roads Pappnisseri-Pilathara Road, China clay Road, Moyon Road, Chunda Road, Keezhara Road, Punchavayal Road, Edakkepuram Central Road, Madakkara Road, Pazhayangadi Road, Taliparamba Road, Kannur Road.

Major Industries are:, China Clay, Handloom, Hand weave, Milk production and marketing, Co-Op Banking. Majority of the people of this villages depend on the income from Gulf Countries as well as the varied local industries. Major Attractions are Thaneerpara hills on Keezhara Road, Karakkunnu hills at Keezhara, Kayatteel Ferry, Mottammal Hills.